NEWS | Jan. 30, 2021

TNR Almanac: Career

By CNRF Public Affairs

NAVY RESERVE POLICY BOARD


Policies must be designed to ensure the Navy Reserve Force is warfighting ready and maximizes lethality for the Navy, Marine Corps and Joint Forces. When policies are enacted with an effective understanding of the day-to-day life of a Reserve Sailor, the Reserve force can be positioned to make a huge impact.

Acting as a conduit for systemic issues from the perspective of drilling Reserve Sailors, the Navy Reserve Policy Board (NRPB), convened by Commander, Navy Reserve Forces Command (CNRFC), reviews idea submissions from a large variety of sources; and, if selected for recommendation, forwards to CNRFC for final review and deposition.

Policy change recommendations which require Secretary of the Navy approval or legislative changes are forwarded to the NNRPB who advise the Secretary of the Navy and the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Manpower & Reserve Affairs on policy matters.

Where do the Navy Reserve Policy Boards get ideas for change and how do the boards decide what to change?

The ideas come from you. The Navy Reserve Policy Board actively solicits recommendations year-round, and Sailors may submit recommendations online by clicking “Workplace” and “NRPB” on the Navy Reserve Homeport or by visiting the Innovation Portal at www.R2W.navy.mil. Many factors are considered during deliberations, but the boards always ask the same questions:

•    What is the benefit of a suggested change to the Navy Reserve?
•    Is the change good for the Navy as a whole?
•    How does this balance the personal benefits to members of the Reserve against the costs and value to the Navy?
•    Is the change consistent with Navy total force policies?

How does the change contribute to lethality, force readiness and WARFIGHTING READINESS?

Ultimately, deliberations are guided by considering how a suggested change will affect the everyday Sailor and overall mission readiness.

What if the recommended change is bigger than the Navy?

The board receives many great ideas that are beneficial for the force and beneficial for Sailors, but sometimes the governing policies or regulations that need to be adjusted to implement the recommended changes are outside the scope of control of the Navy Reserve or even the Navy. When this happens, the NNRPB forwards recommendations to the Reserve Forces Policy Board (RFPB).

Comprised of members from the seven Reserve components and professional and business civilian leaders from industry and academia, the RFPB advises the Secretary of Defense on strategies, policies and practices designed to improve and enhance the capabilities, efficiency and effectiveness of the Reserve component. By law, the RFPB is a federal advisory committee within the Office of the Secretary of Defense whose activities are published at https://rfpb.defense.gov/.

Who can become an NRPB/NNRPB board member?

Each Spring an ALNAVRESFOR message is released soliciting nominations for membership on both the NRPB and NNRPB. Nominations are open to Reserve nominees in the grades of E-7 to E-9, Chief Warrant Officer and O-3 to O-6 to fill board member vacancies for a 3-year commitment. See ALNAVRESFOR 016/20 for additional details and to apply for board membership.

IDEA PORTAL


Using the Navy Reserve Idea Portal you can submit your own innovative ideas, policy recommendations and proposals for how we can take better care of our Sailors through the CNRFC Staff, Reserve leadership and NRPB.

The CNRFC Staff and Ready to Win teams routinely review submissions to the Idea Portal and provide subject matter expert responses to the members. You will recieve feedback on the status of submissions and are encouraged to follow up with questions along the process.

Submit your ideas today through the Idea Portal at: https://www.r2w.navy.mil.

ENLISTED LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT


Today’s Navy expects and demands more from its enlisted leaders at all levels. The Enlisted Leader Development (ELD) continuum replaced the indoctrination courses previously required when selected for advancement. ELD courses allow enlisted leaders to become more flexible, innovative and confident by learning in a character focused continuum. The coursework places a premium on personal and professional growth through the expert use of challenge, adversity, feedback and mentoring. The result is more competent and confident enlisted leaders. The facilitated courses are intensely interactive and focused on character, ethics, self-awareness, decision-making and leadership.   

The ELD continuum serves as a leadership investment. Instead of training immediately before frocking, you will undergo training within each pay grade, allowing you to develop a thorough understanding of the concepts of leadership as well as demonstrating the practical application that is best suited to your current level of professional development. Join one of the many courses being scheduled across the fleet.

•    Foundational Leader Development Course (FLDC) for E-3 and E-4 
•    Intermediate Leader Development Course (ILDC) for E-5 
•    Advanced Leader Development Course (ALDC) for E-6 

https://www.mnp.navy.mil/group/training-education-qualifications/enlisted-leader-development
 

ENLISTED ASSIGNMENTS


Reserve enlisted assignments are conducted via MyNavy Assignment (MNA). MNA is a web-based application that allows Sailors who are within their orders negotiation window to research, apply for jobs, and to communicate assignment preferences to the Commander, Navy Reserve Forces Command (CNRFC) Reserve Assignment Coordinators (RACs).
 
MNA Reserve Schedule

The MNA Reserve schedule follows a quarterly cycle and is located on the MNA homepage at mynavyassignment.navy.mil. There are three phases during the MNA cycle that affect Sailors who are within their orders negotiation window.
 
APPLICATION PHASE

MNA displays available billets and allows Sailors to submit applications for billets they are qualified to fill. Sailors may submit up to seven applications per cycle. By utilizing the comments section, Sailors can communicate directly to the unit and RAC and should utilize this function to provide necessary details for assignment. 
 
COMMAND PHASE

Reserve commands view, rank and comment on applications submitted for their unit. Command comments are vital to the selection process as it provides RACs with further details of command needs/requirements.
 
Selection/Directed Assignment Phase

RACs review applications and select the best-fit candidate for the specified billet. Once selections are complete, RACs begin the directed assignment phase during which Sailors who are in a needs-of-the-Navy status are directed into available billets based on their rate/rank and job qualifications. 
 
Local Assignment Request

Local assignment requests allow Sailors who are Cross-Assigned Out (CAO) and desiring a local billet to apply for local assignment during the application phase, regardless of their Projected Rotation Date (PRD) window. Sailors who are CAO desiring a local billet must use the “request local placement” function on their MNA homepage. Once the request has been submitted, MNA will lift the PRD gate and allow Sailors to apply for local billets via the job search tab. Please note, this is a two-part process and will not be seen by RACs unless both steps are completed. This function is only available during the MNA application phase.
 
Training Reserve Unit Identification Code (TRUIC) Change Request

TRUIC changes are completed when a Sailor desires to transfer from their current drill site or between units within their NRA. There are several reasons why this would happen: relocation, rate training or Reserve Program Code (RPC) alignment with their CAO unit. Training Unit Identification Code (TRUIC) changes are conducted via the Reserve Force Manpower Tools (RFMT) website and must be submitted by the Sailor’s NRA for processing. Direct individual requests submitted via MNA are not valid and will be disapproved/redirected to the NRA for submission via RFMT.

Reserve enlisted assignments are governed by RESPERSMAN M-1001.5 (CH-13), Articles 1000-1300. Online at: https://www.navyreserve.navy.mil/Resources/Official-Guidance/RESPERSMAN/
 

OFFICER ASSIGNMENTS

 
As you start your Navy career as an officer, you will interact with JO APPLY. This online tool is how you search and apply for career opportunities. JO APPLY is for officers O-4 and below seeking non-command billets. Officers seeking CO or OIC jobs utilize APPLY for billeting. APPLY allows the ability to set distances willing to travel for unit drills, as drill travel is often at senior officer’s own expense.
 
JO APPLY

JO APPLY uses a three-step quarterly process, which includes application, ranking and selection/directed phases. During the application phase, potential candidates apply for billets. Make sure you can meet certain drilling requirements before applying for certain billets. The ranking phase ranks command Reserve Program Directors and  adds feedback for candidates. In the selection/directed phase, CNRFC reviews all applicants, rankings and comments and selects officers for billets and direct assignments.
 
APPLY

APPLY is a similar phased event, but with four steps guiding CO/OIC placement. The first step, record review, allows potential candidates time to review personal records before applying for a billet. Letters to the board may be submitted at this phase to list any missing application information or comments. The second step, registration and dream sheet, is where potential applicants make a list of billets to be considered for. Third, confidence factor, is whene the APPLY board reviews and briefs records to the panel. Here, board members vote to determine confidence factors. The last phase, slating, is when applicants come before the board to slate for a billet. slating is based on confidence factor rank and top choice of remaining billets.

For more information, email cnrfc_joapply@navy.mil or cnrfc_apply@navy.mil
 

CAREER WAYPOINTS


C-WAY is a force management tool, balancing manning across rates, ratings and active and Reserve components through the Bureau of Naval Personnel’s (BUPERS) control reenlistment and enlistment contract extension quotas.

Through C-Way you can apply for rating, active component and FTS conversion opportunities. For more information, talk with your career counselor or visit https://www.public.navy.mil/bupers-npc/career/careercounseling/Pages/C-WAY.aspx.
 
RESERVE/ACTIVE/FTS CONVERSIONS 

Reserve Component to Active component (RC2AC) / Full-Time Support (FTS) 
Three RC2AC transition programs are available for RC Sailors to meet AC and FTS mission requirements. 

•  Definite recall  
•  Indefinite recall (officer)/Augmentation (enlisted) 
•  SELRES to FTS  

Definite (temporary) recall to active duty gives RC Sailors the opportunity to perform active-duty recall orders to fill specific AC or FTS billets for a period of 1-3 years. Personnel remain in the RC and compete for promotion with other RC members while on definite recall orders and then return to their previous status at the completion of orders.   

Indefinite Recall (Officer)/Augmentation (Enlisted) gives RC officers the opportunity to fill AC shortfalls and enlisted Sailors the opportunity to fill AC community shortfalls as well as FTS shortfalls.  

Officer designators are changed to AC (xxx0), and enlisted Sailors sign a new AC or FTS enlistment contract. These programs leverage existing skill sets to improve AC and FTS community health, and provide Sailors an opportunity to resume or begin a career in the AC or FTS. Personnel compete for promotion or advancement as AC or FTS members and are subject to the same AC or FTS force management policies as their counterparts. Enlisted personnel have their service date adjusted based on total active service in order to compete in the proper year group. 
 
Active Component to Reserve Component (AC2RC)
 
Career Waypoints (C-WAY) Reenlistment transition to SELRES allows active-duty enlisted Sailors to request and receive approval for SELRES quotas through the C-WAY-Reenlistment process, either in their current rate, or direct conversion to another rate for which they are qualified.
AC or FTS Sailors may request a SELRES quota through the C-WAY-Reenlistment module during their Soft Expiration of Obligated Service (SEAOS) C-WAY-Reenlistment window (13 to 3 months prior to SEAOS. Always discuss submission of a SELRES request outside of the SELRES only window (5-3 months prior to SEAOS) with your career counselor.  

Prior service personnel not approved for direct affiliation through the CWAY-Reenlistment module prior to leaving active duty and non-prior service personnel may contact their local Navy Reserve recruiter. 

Once approved for SELRES affiliation, and while still on active duty, Sailors can select the NOSC they desire to be assigned to through mynavyassignment.navy.mil.
 

LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT ROADMAPS 


LaDRs provide rate specific guidance to Sailors along a learning and development continuum to help navigate their present and future career moves. These guides explain in detail what Sailors need to succeed at specific points in their career and receive yearly updates to maintain relevance. In 2019, LaDRs received a comprehensive update to include Reserve specific guidance on SELRES career paths to all applicable ratings. Download your rating LaDR at cool.navy.mil.
 

RETIREMENT


Eligibility for Non-Regular retirement generally requires 20 Qualifying Years of service. A member accrues a Qualifying Year after earning a minimum of 50 retirement points in their own Anniversary Year.
 
RESERVE RETIREMENT POINTS 

Frequent review of your Statement of Service for accuracy and completeness is critical to assure your Reserve retirement pay includes compensation for all the creditable work you performed during your career. While still a member of the Reserve component, you can take your supporting documentation to your NOSC or program office for assistance in correcting any discrepancies. If unable to correct an issue, contact the My Navy Career Center to create a service request in order to begin the discrepancy resolution process. MNCC can be reached by phone at 1-833-330-MNCC or by email at askmncc@navy.mil <mailto:askmncc@navy.mil>.
 
NOTICE OF ELIGIBILITY 

After achieving 20 qualifying years of service, and within 12 months, Navy Personnel Command PERS-912 will send a Notice of Eligibility (NOE) letter to you at the mailing address they have on record.

From receipt of the NOE, you have 90 days to complete and return your Reserve Component Survivor Benefit Plan Election Certificate (DD Form 2656-5). The Reserve Component Survivor Benefit Plan (RC-SBP) is an annuity which would provide a monthly payment should you as the member pre-decease your eligible beneficiary.  
 
KEEP YOUR LEADERSHIP INFORMED

As your end of military service date approaches, you should talk with your unit, career counselor and command leadership. Per NAVADMIN 243/14, Reserve members are to receive their official retirement counseling from their career counselor through a career development board for enlisted Sailors or from the commanding officer through mid-term counseling for officers.  
 
RETIREMENT WITHOUT PAY

Reserve Component members are directed to submit retirement requests via the NSIPS Employee Self-Service Retirements and Separations module. Retirements without Pay are effective the first day of the given month, following any HYT or statutory limit. Members may submit a Retirement Without Pay request once they’ve accrued 19 qualifying years.  
 
RETIREMENT WITH PAY

Your Retirement Pay Eligibility Date will normally be your 60th birthday. Members eligible for Retirement with Pay (also known as Non-Regular Retirement) must mail or fax their application to Navy Personnel Command, PERS-912. This includes the Application for Retired Pay Benefits (DD Form 108) and Data for Payment of Retired Personnel (DD Form 2656). There are a few exceptions allowing you to retire with pay before age 60. Please see DoDI 1215.07, “Service Credit for Non-Regular Retirement.” PERS-912 recommends applying for your retired pay up to a full calendar year in advance of eligibility.  
 
FINAL STEPS

Once PERS-912 processes your retirement request and it is sent to Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS), you will receive your retirement orders and can procure a new retiree ID card at your local ID card office. After this, allow a couple of months to finalize with DFAS the activation of your Retired Pay Account. You will separately need to work with TRICARE to transition your health benefits.  
 
RESOURCES

Visit the MyNavy HR Reserve retirement website to review the basic processes of a Reserve retirement, for a schedule of upcoming retirement transition outreach events, and to download the two required forms (DD Form 108 and 2656): 

https://www.mynavyhr.navy.mil/Career-Management/Reserve-Personnel-Mgmt/Reserve-Retirements/ 

If you aren’t retiring for some time, stay tuned for MyNavyHR Navy Pay and Personnel transformation updates coming in 2022; these efforts will change the process and systems used for Reserve retirements. 

https://www.navyreserve.navy.mil/News/Article-View-News/Article/2399818/newest-np2-features-improve-navy-reserve-pay-and-personnel-processes/ 

Other resources may include local Retired Activities Office, local accredited veteran services organizations and the Veterans Administration, as well as making an appointment with your local Social Security office. 

Talk with your NOSC or unit career counselor for more information.
 

THRIFT SAVINGS PLAN


TSP is one of the three parts of your retirement entitlement, your pension and social security being the other two. TSP provides more benefits than retirement though. With TSP you pay low administrative and investment related expenses, can make catch-up contributions, take advantage of multiple fund investment options, and take out loans and make withdrawals. 

The good news is if you are a civilian federal employee and you were hired after July 31, 2010, you are automatically enrolled in TSP, and 3% of your basic pay is deducted from your paycheck each pay period and deposited in the traditional balance of your TSP account (unless you have made an election to change or stop your contributions). 

To check your balance and explore more TSP benefits, visit the TSP website at www.tsp.gov.
 

HIGH YEAR TENURE AND VOLUNTEER TRAINING UNIT


High Year Tenure (HYT) is based off of a Sailors Pay Entry Base date and includes all service in the active, Reserve and inactive components. Limiting service years based on rank serves as a management tool to properly shape and balance the Navy’s total force but there are exceptions allowing Reserve Sailors to serve extended careers past their HYT restrictions.
 
HYT WAIVERS AND VTU

The Voluntary Training Unit (VTU) offers Sailors a way to achieve qualifying years for retirement. VTU is a part of the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR), where Sailors must complete the same requirements as drilling Reservists to accrue retirement points and qualifying years, but without pay for drill periods.

Unlike the active component, Reserve Sailors could reach their HYT mark without being eligible for retirement pay due to insufficient drill points in a given year.

However, options are available to most Reserve Sailors in order to help them extend their service out to make up for lost years. Sailors can request an HYT waiver to remain in a paid billet, or request a transfer to the VTU. When E4 to E6 Reserve Sailors reach their HYT date they are able to request a transfer to the VTU to obtain 20 qualifying years for retirement. With few exceptions, Sailors have 30 years (all service years including IRR) to complete their eligibility for retirement pay.
 
VTU TO SELRES

At times, VTU Sailors in certain rates may be eligible to apply for billets as a paid Reserve member through an HYT waiver and return to Reserve status.
Elibible rates are released quarterly at: https://www.public.navy.mil/bupers-npc/enlisted/community/selres/Pages/default2.aspx.
HYT waivers can be requested and submitted through your NOSC career counselor.
 
CAREER WAYPOINT

If your rate is not eligible for an HYT waiver, you may be able to utilize the Career Waypoint conversion module. The Reserve enlisted community manager provides a monthly updated list of rates open to convert-in and convert-out of, providing cross-rating options.

For Sailors serving in an over-manned rate and facing advancement challenges or HYT deadlines, a change of rating may provide opportunities for continued career progression.

For more information, talk with your command career counselor or refer to MILPERSMAN 1160-120.
 

CORRESPONDENCE COURSES 


As a Reservist, you can gain valuable knowledge and earn retirement points for completing correspondence courses.   

CNRFC N7 maintains the official list of correspondence courses eligible for credit of retirement points. The list is released each fiscal year through an ALNAVRESFOR message. The fiscal year 2020 list is available at www.mynrh.navy.mil. Navigate to cnrfc > n-codes > N7, click the more tab and then retirement points. 

If you would like to recommend a course to be added to the approved course list, follow the link at the bottom of the retirement points page to request an addition. 
 
Awarding Non-Pay Retirement Points 

Completing approved correspondence courses does not automatically generate retirement point credits. Course completion certificates must be submitted to your NOSC for credit. Credits must be entered within 12 months of the course completion date.

After the 12 month period has elapsed, your commanding officer must provide an approval endorsement, with completion certificates, to Navy Personnel Command (PERS-912) for course credit entries.
 

JOINT QUALIFIED OFFICER


Being able to operate in joint environments is crucial to modern military success. The requirement for commissioned officers to be educated and experienced in joint matters was codified in the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986. The Joint Qualified System builds upon this historic legislation by providing a structure recognizing the expeditionary and inherently joint nature of military operations in the 21st century. JQO is one of four JQS levels that provide a path for attaining joint qualifications through either a traditional joint duty assignment or by accumulating an equivalent level of joint experience, education and training over the course of a career.  

For more information on JQO, visit: https://www.public.navy.mil/bupers-npc/officer/detailing/jointofficer/pages/default.aspx.
   

MILITARY EDUCATION


The military takes great pride in providing access to formal military education and there are numerous opportunities available for professional growth in the Navy Reserve. Some examples are in-residence programs offered through four major military war colleges, two-year blended learning programs through the Army War College, executive education programs, the Joint Combat Warfighting School, the Foreign Military Exchange Program and the Naval Postgraduate School’s defense-focused part-time executive master of business administration program.  

Information about all military education and other competitive selection board Active Duty (ADT) for Training funded opportunities can be obtained by visiting the CNRFC N77 SharePoint site at www.mynrh.navy.mil > commands > CNRFC > N-codes > N77 (view current announcements).
 

NAVY CREDENTIALING OPPORTUNITIES ON-LINE


Navy COOL assists Sailors by funding the certification and licensing exams that map their education, training, experience and competencies to industry/civilian credentials. Sailors can link an academic degree, rating specialty (even prior ratings), current civilian occupation, other service occupations, collateral duty assignments and even credentials earned and maintained prior to joining the Navy. You can view credentialing opportunities at cool.navy.mil. 
 

UNITED SERVICE MILITARY APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM 


USMAP allows you to obtain a certificate of completion from the U.S. Department of Labor by documenting work experience during military service. Apprenticeships expand career options, build on military experience and can qualify you for a better civilian job with significantly higher pay. Each apprenticeship trade requires from 2,000 and 8,000 hours of on-the-job work and formal classroom instruction (A or C schools). There are specific requirements to participate in USMAP.  To learn more, visit usmap.netc.navy.mil.
 

ACADEMIC DEGREE RECORD


You are responsible for the submission of your own official transcripts to the Joint Services Transcript (JST) office. If you have a completed/finished degree or earned college credits to document, ask your educational institution to send an official sealed transcript to the JST office. JST will not accept transcripts unless mailed by the institution.

JST also describes your military schooling and work history in civilian terms, and as a standard form, making it easier for colleges to read and recommend credits. JST provides documented evidence to colleges and universities of professional military education, training and occupation experiences achieved by service members and veterans. JST translates military experience into civilian language and:

•    Gives potential employers a chance to see the real-world value of your experience
•    Allows academic counselors a better understanding of a military member’s skills
•    Saves time and money by awarding academic credits for military experience

Visit https://jst.doded.mil for more information.